The first half of the course introduces Lan-Lan and Zhong-Zhong, two pandas who guide students through the new material and provide context for young learners. Through games, songs and chants, students acquire new sentence patterns in basic Chinese. The patterns are reinforced through pair work, group work and individual activities. Chinese characters, including stroke order and radicals (building blocks of characters) are introduced from the start, and students have their choice of practice methods, air-writing, writing on paper or on the whiteboard in class. Where needed, culturally appropriate use of the language is introduced.